Delaware INBRE Projects, 2020. CCRS, as part of the Delaware IDeA Network of Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) Centralized Research Service Network is collaborating on three INBRE Core Access Award projects:
Analysis of Socioeconomic Disparities in the Impact of Point of Sale Tobacco Advertising
The goal of this research is to assess the impact of Point of Sale Tobacco (POST) advertising on health outcomes in the state of Delaware. Medicaid encounter and claims data will be combined with previously developed methodology that uses artificial intelligence and large-scale street-level image data from Google StreetView to geolocate POST advertising. POST advertising will be spatially correlated with relative rates of tobacco-related health problems while controlling for external factors.
Principal Investigator: Gregory Dobler, PhD, Assistant Professor. Co-Investigators: Federica Bianco, PhD, Assistant Professor; Stephen Metraux, PhD, Associate Professor & CCCRS Director; Mary Joan McDuffie, MA, Policy Scientist & Medicaid Research Program Director; Erin Lynch, MS, Policy Scientist.
Association between High Risk Treatment Regimens and Hypoglycemia among Medicaid patients with Diabetes
The goals of this project are to generate data regarding the association between specific diabetes treatment regimens and the risk of hypoglycemia among patients with Medicaid and to examine whether neighborhood characteristics modify the effect of treatment regimens in this patient population. This data will inform management strategies of patients with social risk factors and diabetes with the goal of improving diabetes outcomes among low-income patients in Delaware.
Principal Investigator: Jennifer N. Goldstein, MD, MSc, Program Director, Clinical Research Education, Christiana Care Health System. Co-Investigators: Katie Gifford, PhD, Policy Scientist, Mary Joan McDuffie, MA, Policy Scientist & Medicaid Research Program Director; Erin Lynch, MS, Policy Scientist.
The Impact of Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative on Healthcare Utilization in Delaware
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Children's Fund (UNICEF) initiated the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative to create positive environments to enhance breastfeeding attitudes and experiences for mothers and babies. Hospitals gain this designation by implementing the WHO Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. While breastfeeding has been shown to positively impact infant health outcomes and becoming Baby Friendly is economically cost neutral, little evidence has shown the effect of Baby Friendly practices on early infant health outcomes. The goal of this research is to estimate healthcare utilization before and after the implementation of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative at hospitals in the state of Delaware.
Principal Investigator: David Paul, MD, Chair, Department of Pediatrics, Christiana Care Health System. Co-Investigators: Cecelia Harrison, MPH, Research Associate, Christiana Care Health System; Mia Papas, PhD MPH, Corporate Director, Christiana Care Health System. CCRS research team: Mary Joan McDuffie, MA, Policy Scientist & Medicaid Research Program Director; Erin Lynch, MS, Policy Scientist.
Delaware INBRE is supported by the Institutional Development Award (IDeA) from the National Institute of Health's National Institute of General Medical Sciences under grant number P20GM103446.